What is Flutter?
Flutter is an open-source framework that works with Google’s Dart programming language. It’s often touted to as a better UI toolkit for building cross-platform apps with a single codebase. It allows for the building of expressive and flexible user interfaces that run natively. It is supported and contributed to by a team of Google developers as well as the global flutter community.
According to a developer poll conducted in 2021, by Statista the most popular cross-platform mobile framework used by global developers is Flutter. According to the report, Flutter was used by 42 percent of software developers.
What is React Native?
According to Statista, almost 42% of developers admit to utilizing React Native for cross-platform app development.
React vs. React Native
Flutter and React Native – Pros and Cons
Advantages of Flutter:
- Hot-reloading: The stateful Hot Reloading functionality updates the application state without losing it.
- Integrate seamlessly: It doesn’t require rewriting code because it works with Java for Android and Swift or Objective C for iOS.
- Rich-widgets: Cupertino (iOS) and Material Design principles are followed by rich widgets (Android).
- Codesharing: It’s easier and faster to write and share codes across platforms, which is ideal for MVP development.
- Quick Shipping: Iteration cycles are rapid, and build time is reduced because testing is limited to a single codebase.
Disadvantages of Flutter:
- User interface: Support for vector graphics and animation has difficulty rendering plug-ins in a timely manner.
- Operating Platform: Apps for Android Auto, CarPlay, tvOS, and watchOS are not compatible.
- Tools and Plug-ins: While the libraries and tools are great, they fall short of React Native.
- Updates: Patches and updates cannot be pushed into programs immediately without going through the usual release processes.
Advantages of React Native:
- Performance: Transforms an application’s HTML into authentic UI elements while maintaining good performance.
- Hot-reloading: This allows for the addition of new codes to a live application.
- Native rendering: APIs are rendered natively on the host platform without the requirement for HTML or CSS coding.
- Ecosystem: Makes use of a rich ecosystem and UI libraries to re-render the app’s appearance when the state changes.
- Debugging: Sophisticated debugging tools and error reporting are available.
Disadvantages of React Native:
- User Interface: Certain native UI elements may not be supported by native API rendering, causing the UI to appear a little odd.
- Performance: Due to the lack of parallel threading and multi-processing capability, performance is slow.
- Tools and Plugins: 3rd-party libraries that can be used to improve implementation are frequently obsolete.
- Debugging: Using the Chrome debugger to properly edit, analyze, and debug scripts and UI elements may be inconvenient.